Today’s world is far ahead in terms of technological advancement. Technology has reduced the distance. We have discovered everything bottom of the sea, know everything about the galaxy a billion miles away from us and even we have reached the moon with the blessings of technology. But none of this would be possible without the steady advance made by our persistent pioneers. Therefore, people are still passionate about history. We all have a keen interest to know what our ancestors did. Some of their works still blow our minds. If you are eager to know about the remnants of the works of our ancestors, do not skip this blog. Because here, we will discuss the seven most advanced ancient civilizations of the world. Let’s dive into it.
Seven most advanced ancient civilizations
Here is the list of the most advanced ancient civilization in the world-
Inca Civilization (1200 AD – 1542 AD)
One of the largest empires of pre-Columbian America and the most advanced ancient civilizations, the Inca civilization was stretched across the distance from northern Ecuador to central Chile. The Inca civilization arose sometime in the early 13th century. More than 100 ethnic groups made up the population of 12 million in the Inca civilization. Cusco served as the empire’s administrative, political, and military headquarters. A well-designed agricultural and roadway system, as well as a concentrated religion and language, all contributed to the kingdoms’ cohesiveness. Incas’ military power helped the state to expand quickly. But in 1572, the Spanish conquered the civilization.
Maya Civilization (2000 BC – early 16th Century)
The maya civilization is known for its art, architecture, mathematics, calendar, poetry and astronomical system. The logosyllabic script of the Maya civilization is one of the most advanced and highly developed writing systems in pre-Columbian Americas. The Maya civilization flourished throughout today’s southern Mexico, Guatemala and Belize, and parts of Honduras and El Salvador in the west. It comprises the northern lowlands and highlands of the Yucatán, and even the Mexican province of Chiapas, southern Guatemala, and the southern lowlands of the Pacific littoral plain. The name “Maya” is a contemporary phrase that refers to the different peoples that once lived in this area.
The Maya had established settlements and created an agriculture centre where they produced corn (maize), beans, and squash as early as 1500 BCE. More than 40 settlements made up Mayan civilization at its peak. Each city had a population between 5,000 and 50,000. Tikal, Uaxactn, Copán, Bonampak, Dos Pilas, Calakmul, Palenque, and Ro Bec were among the major famous cities. The worship of departed ancestors, who would intervene for their living descendants in contact with the supernatural realm, was at the heart of Maya’s religious activity.
Rama Valley Empire (10,000 – 2,500 BC)
According to ancient Sanskrit books like the Ramayana and Mahabharata, the Rama Empire flourished thousands of years before the English believed a civilization existed in the area. According to current sources, this enormous civilization lasted between 2,500 and 4,500 B.C. When did everything start? According to some Sanskrit scholars, the Rama Empire flourished approximately 10-15,000 B.C., with just a few relics surviving the epic conflict recounted in their history. It was a Bronze Age civilization in northern South Asia that lasted from 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE and from 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE in its complete form. Cities of the Indus Valley Civilization were known for their urban planning, baked brick dwellings, extensive drainage systems, water supply systems, clusters of substantial non-residential structures, novel handicrafts (carnelian goods, seal carving) and metallurgical skills (copper, bronze, lead, and tin).
The Roman Civilization (27 BC to 476 AD)
The Roman Empire was an ancient empire centred on the city of Rome that began in 27 BCE with the fall of the Roman Republic and lasted until the 5th century CE, when the empire of the West was finally eclipsed. It was perhaps one of the most advanced ancient civilizations of human history.
Ancient Rome originated as an Italic settlement along the Tiber River in the Italian Peninsula, which was conventionally dated to 753 BC. Through a mix of treaties and military might, the colony expanded into the city and state of Rome, and it came to govern its neighbors. It finally ruled the Italian peninsula and established an Empire that included most of Europe and the Mediterranean states. It was one of the greatest empires in ancient history, with an estimated population of 50 to 90 million people, or nearly 20% of the world’s population at the time. At its peak in AD 117, it encompassed roughly 5 million square kilometers (1.9 million square miles).
Modern language, religion, culture, technology, law, politics, government, warfare, art, literature, architecture, and engineering are all influenced by ancient Roman civilization. Rome modernized and enlarged its military and established the res publica form of governance, which served as a model for modern republics such as the United States and France. It accomplished remarkable technological and architectural marvels, including the construction of aqueducts and highways throughout the empire, as well as more opulent monuments and amenities.
The Persian Civilization (550 BC to 330 BC)
Cyrus the Great, the leader of one of these tribes, began to conquer neighboring kingdoms such as Media, Lydia, and Babylon, uniting them under one authority. In 550 B.C., he established the first Persian Empire, commonly known as the Achaemenid Empire.
Cyrus the Great’s first Persian Empire quickly became the world’s first superpower. Mesopotamia, Egypt’s Nile Valley, and India’s Indus Valley were all unified under one government in the ancient world.
Many people associate Persia with Islam, yet it was only after the Arab invasions of the seventh century that Islam became the dominant religion in the Persian Empire. A distinct religion, Zoroastrianism, formed the first Persian Empire.
After Xerxes I’s disastrous invasion of Greece in 480 BC, the Persian Empire began to crumble. The costly defence of Persia’s territory reduced the empire’s treasury, forcing Persia’s citizens to pay higher taxes. In 330 B.C., the Achaemenid dynasty was overthrown by Alexander the Great of Macedon’s invading army. Following Cyrus, the Great, subsequent kings attempted to restore the Persian Empire to its Achaemenian borders, but the empire never completely reached its colossal grandeur.
Data collected from history.com
The Ancient Egyptian Civilization (3100 BC to 332 BC)
Ancient Egypt was an ancient African civilization that flourished in the lower banks of the Nile River, in what is now the country of Egypt. Human settlement in Egypt has been documented for tens of thousands of years. However, substantial habitation did not begin in the region until around 6000 BCE. The Sahara Desert was expanding during this period. A tiny alteration in the Earth’s tilt, according to some scientists, triggered this expansion. Others have looked at altering rainfall patterns, although the exact causes are unknown. For human civilization, the most important impact of the Sahara’s growth was that it forced people closer to the Nile River in quest of stable water sources.
Ancient Egypt is most known for its pyramids and faro’s mummies. The famous discoveries of Ancient Egypt include the Khufu ship, the Unfinished obelisk, Tomb of Tutankhamun, The Town of the Tomb Builders, Tomb of Seti I, Lost Temple of Akhmim, The Greater Temple of Abu Simbel, Secret Mummy Cave, and Valley of the Golden Mummies.
The Chinese Civilization (206 BC ‒220 CE)
The first known written records of Chinese history originate from 1250 BC, during the reign of King Wu Ding of the Shang dynasty (c.1600–1046 BC), who was referred to as the twenty-first King of Shang by the same. China is one of the world’s oldest civilizations, with thousands of years of continuous history. It is considered one of the cradles of civilization. There are many dynasties and kingdoms in ancient china like the Xia dynasty (2070–1600 BC), Shang dynasty (1600–1046 BC), Zhou dynasty (1046–256 BC), Qin dynasty (221–206 BC), Han dynasty (206 BC-AD 220), Jin dynasty (AD 266–420), Sui dynasty (AD 581–618), Tang dynasty (AD 618–907) etc. source.